Now showing items 41-60 of 90

    • Hume and the Social Contract. A Systematic Evaluation 

      Chwaszcza, Christine (2013)
      The article systematically explores the compatibility of Hume's political philosophy and contractarianism by reconstructing Hume's criticism of the idea of a social contract. In a nutshell, the dispute concerns the theoretical ...
    • Hume without Spontaneous Order 

      Salter, John (2015)
      The question whether it is possible to be both a Humean and a contractarian arises from the interpretation of Hume as a theorist of spontaneous order, a theory that is usually taken to be incompatible with contractarianism. ...
    • Hume’s Theory of Justice 

      Spector, Horacio (2014)
      Hume developed an original and revolutionary theoretical paradigm for explaining the spontaneous emergence of the classic conventions of justice-stable possession, transference of property by consent, and the obligation ...
    • Hypothetical Justifications 

      Lahno, Bernd (2009)
      A basic conviction in moral non-cognitivism is: only hypothetical norms may be justified. Hartmut Kliemt argues for a moderate variant: there are only hypothetical justifications of norms whether the norms are hypothetical ...
    • If Not Only Numbers Count: Allocation of Equal Chances 

      Ahlert, Marlies (2009)
      It is assumed that medical guidelines specify the appropriate amount of a divisible good which each individual should receive. Individual requirements and probabilities that the treatment is successful if an appropriate ...
    • Individual Interest and Political Legitimacy 

      Dietrich, Frank (2009)
      Criticism of contract theory has always played an important role in Hartmut Kliemt's writings on political philosophy. Notwithstanding his objections to a consent-based justification of the state he has never subscribed ...
    • Induction and Deduction in Bayesian Data Analysis 

      Gelman, Andrew (2011)
      The classical or frequentist approach to statistics (in which inference is centered on significance testing), is associated with a philosophy in which science is deductive and follows Popper's doctrine of falsification. ...
    • Introduction: The Moral Science Project 

      Baurmann, Michael; Lahno, Bernd (2009)
    • Invisible Hand Processes and the Theory of Money 

      Steiner, Hillel (2013)
      This paper explores, and rejects, the plausibility--advanced by a number of economists and recently re-affirmed by Robert Nozick--of employing an `invisible hand explanation' to account for the existence of money as a ...
    • Learning to Be Different: Quantitative Research in Economics and Political Science 

      Libman, Alexander (2012)
      The comment addresses the subtle differences that exist between economics and political science in terms of how the standards for the empirical quantitative research are set. It shows that the common methodology is applied ...
    • Low Assumptions, High Dimensions 

      Wasserman, Larry (2011)
      These days, statisticians often deal with complex, high dimensional datasets. Researchers in statistics and machine learning have responded by creating many new methods for analyzing high dimensional data. However, many ...
    • Meinungsbildung in Gruppen 

      Hegselmann, Rainer (2009)
      The article describes a radically simplifying model of opinion formation processes. The model abstracts away almost everything. A very common reaction to such an approach is the objection that important factors are not ...
    • Michael Chwe: Jane Austen, Game Theorist 

      Lotzen, Katharina; Wiese, Harald (2013)
    • Names and Games 

      Senn, Stephen (2012)
    • Negative Goals and Identity: Revisiting Sen’s Critique of Homo Economicus 

      Hanisch, Christoph (2013)
      Sen's critique of the homo economicus conception of choice asserts that agents who `displace' their goals, and instead choose on the basis of others', are not therefore irrational. I first defend Sen against the objection ...
    • New Approaches to Classical Liberalism 

      Maloberti, Nicolás (2012)
      This article focuses on the following three novel and original philosophical approaches to classical liberalism: Den Uyl and Rasmussen’s perfectionist argument from meta-norms, Gaus’s justificatory model, and Kukathas’s ...
    • Niccolò Machiavelli on Power 

      Holler, Manfred J. (2009)
      This paper uses the concept of power to analyze Machiavelli's The Prince and the Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius. This helps to distil the elements that form the Machiavelli program that has its short-term ...
    • Nozick’s Proviso: Misunderstood and Misappropriated 

      Wündisch, Joachim (2013)
      After almost forty years, Robert Nozick's seminal right-libertarian classic Anarchy, State, and Utopia continues to stand at the center of much of the discussion regarding property and its initial acquisition. Nozick's ...