Now showing items 1-20 of 96

    • Can a Humean Be a Contractarian? 

      Sugden, Robert (2009)
      In this paper I argue, contrary to Hartmut Kliemt, that it is possible to be both a Humean and, in James Buchanan's sense, a contractarian. Hume sees principles of justice and political allegiance not as actual or hypothetical ...
    • Introduction: The Moral Science Project 

      Baurmann, Michael; Lahno, Bernd (2009)
    • Critical Thinking and Legal Culture 

      Pincione, Guido (2009)
      We often lack clear procedures for assessing statements and arguments advanced in everyday conversations, political campaigns, advertisements, and the other multifarious uses to which ordinary language can be put. Critical ...
    • The Internal Point of View as a Rational Choice? 

      Baurmann, Michael (2009)
      H.L.A.Hart's seminal book The Concept of Law entails arguments which are also of substantial importance for social theory: his claim that the existence of social and legal norms presupposes the dissemination of an internal ...
    • Health Care Rationing and Distributive Justice 

      Breyer, Friedrich (2009)
      The rapid progress in medical technology makes it unavoidable to ration health care. In the discussion how to ration many people claim that principles of justice in distributing scarce resources should be applied. In this ...
    • Why Bayesian Rationality Is Empty, Perfect Rationality Doesn’t Exist, Ecological Rationality Is Too Simple, and Critical Rationality Does the Job 

      Albert, Max (2009)
      Economists claim that principles of rationality are normative principles. Nevertheless, they go on to explain why it is in a person's own interest to be rational. If this were true, being rational itself would be a means ...
    • Wir-Absichten in der individualistischen Sozialontologie 

      Bühler, Axel (2009)
      An individualistic social ontology attributes mental states merely to individuals, and denies the existence of collective attitudes such as we-intentions. Furthermore, if collectives cannot be bearers of minds, then ...
    • The ‘Rule of Rescue’ in Medical Priority Setting: Ethical Plausibilities and Implausibilities 

      Schöne-Seifert, Bettina (2009)
      Not infrequently, the so-called Rule of Rescue gets invoked as an allegedly self-evident constraint to the CBE-goal of maximizing health benefit with a given health budget. In this paper this constraint is critically ...
    • Cognitive Limits and the Beginning of Life 

      Huster, Stefan (2009)
      The question which moral status the embryo has is of great practical significance because the possibility to justify a governmental prohibition of a set of important therapeutical and scientific measures depends on a special ...
    • Testing and Modeling Fairness Motives 

      Bolton, Gary E.; Ockenfels, Axel (2009)
      The advent of laboratory experiments in economics over the last few decades has produced an enormous literature devoted to describing, testing and modeling economic and social behavior. Measured by publications and citations, ...
    • Rationing Health Care and the Role of the ‘Acute Principle’ 

      Rivera-López, Eduardo (2009)
      In several works, Hartmut Kliemt has developed an original account on the necessity of rationing health care and on how a rationing policy should be carried out. While I agree on several important points of that view, there ...
    • Economists Have No Clothes 

      Buchanan, James M. (2009)
      Why have economists had so little meaningful to say about the 2008 crises? Where and when did the `science' get off the track? Can anything be done to restore respectability to Economics as a useful area of inquiry? This ...
    • Awards: A Disregarded Source of Motivation 

      Frey, Bruno S.; Neckermann, Susanne (2009)
      Awards are prevalent in all societies and at all times. So far, however, they have escaped the attention of economists. This paper presents a first analysis of awards, distinguishing them from purely monetary forms of ...
    • Demokratie, Bürgersouveränität und Subsidiarität 

      Vanberg, Viktor J. (2009)
      The paper addresses the issue of how the notion of common or public weal can be specified for a democratic polity as a ,,cooperative venture for mutual advantage" (Rawls). It is argued that common weal in democratic politics ...
    • ,Aus ökonomischer Sicht ...‘ 

      Lübbe, Weyma (2009)
      Economists, and notably health economists, very often add to their policy recommendations the formula ,from an economic point of view‘. The contribution starts by exploring what the message of this clause to non-economists ...
    • Commitments by Hostage Posting 

      Raub, Werner (2009)
      We survey research on incurring commitments by voluntary hostage posting as a mechanism of cooperation. The Trust Game is employed as a paradigmatic example of cooperation problems. We sketch a very simple game-theoretic ...
    • Niccolò Machiavelli on Power 

      Holler, Manfred J. (2009)
      This paper uses the concept of power to analyze Machiavelli's The Prince and the Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius. This helps to distil the elements that form the Machiavelli program that has its short-term ...
    • (Over-)Stylizing Experimental Findings and Theorizing with Sweeping Generality 

      Güth, Werner; Kliemt, Hartmut; Levati, M. Vittoria (2009)
      Human decision making is a process guided by different and partly competing motivations that can each dominate behavior and lead to different effects depending on strength and circumstances. `Over-stylizing' neglects such ...
    • A Stochastic Model of the Co-evolution of Networks and Strategies 

      Berninghaus, Siegfried K.; Vogt, Bodo (2009)
      We consider a theoretical model of co-evolution of networks and strategies whose components are exclusively supported by experimental observations. We can show that a particular kind of sophisticated behavior (anticipatory ...
    • The ‘Justice’ That Overrules the Rules of Justice 

      de Jasay, Anthony (2009)
      Justice is intrinsically distributive; it distributes by its rules. `Distributive' or `social' justice redistributes by overruling them. It has theories that do not start `from here'. It has no rules; it makes claims ...