Now showing items 1-20 of 95

    • Commitments by Hostage Posting 

      Raub, Werner (2009)
      We survey research on incurring commitments by voluntary hostage posting as a mechanism of cooperation. The Trust Game is employed as a paradigmatic example of cooperation problems. We sketch a very simple game-theoretic ...
    • If Not Only Numbers Count: Allocation of Equal Chances 

      Ahlert, Marlies (2009)
      It is assumed that medical guidelines specify the appropriate amount of a divisible good which each individual should receive. Individual requirements and probabilities that the treatment is successful if an appropriate ...
    • Dismissals: A Case for Business Ethics! 

      Hahn, Susanne (2009)
      A scenario of dismissal is used to illustrate a business ethical reflection that is guided by the method of reflective equilibrium. Several rules of dismissal are considered with respect to an already proved practice and ...
    • Value Pluralism and the Two Concepts of Rights 

      Spector, Horacio (2009)
      Philosophers and legal theorists still disagree about the correct analysis of `rights', both moral and legal. The `Will Theory' and the `Interest Theory'--the two main views--can each account for various features of rights, ...
    • Rationing Health Care and the Role of the ‘Acute Principle’ 

      Rivera-López, Eduardo (2009)
      In several works, Hartmut Kliemt has developed an original account on the necessity of rationing health care and on how a rationing policy should be carried out. While I agree on several important points of that view, there ...
    • Economists Have No Clothes 

      Buchanan, James M. (2009)
      Why have economists had so little meaningful to say about the 2008 crises? Where and when did the `science' get off the track? Can anything be done to restore respectability to Economics as a useful area of inquiry? This ...
    • Testing and Modeling Fairness Motives 

      Bolton, Gary E.; Ockenfels, Axel (2009)
      The advent of laboratory experiments in economics over the last few decades has produced an enormous literature devoted to describing, testing and modeling economic and social behavior. Measured by publications and citations, ...
    • Meinungsbildung in Gruppen 

      Hegselmann, Rainer (2009)
      The article describes a radically simplifying model of opinion formation processes. The model abstracts away almost everything. A very common reaction to such an approach is the objection that important factors are not ...
    • Health Care Rationing and Distributive Justice 

      Breyer, Friedrich (2009)
      The rapid progress in medical technology makes it unavoidable to ration health care. In the discussion how to ration many people claim that principles of justice in distributing scarce resources should be applied. In this ...
    • Hypothetical Justifications 

      Lahno, Bernd (2009)
      A basic conviction in moral non-cognitivism is: only hypothetical norms may be justified. Hartmut Kliemt argues for a moderate variant: there are only hypothetical justifications of norms whether the norms are hypothetical ...
    • A Stochastic Model of the Co-evolution of Networks and Strategies 

      Berninghaus, Siegfried K.; Vogt, Bodo (2009)
      We consider a theoretical model of co-evolution of networks and strategies whose components are exclusively supported by experimental observations. We can show that a particular kind of sophisticated behavior (anticipatory ...
    • Bygones Are Bygones 

      Brennan, Geoffrey; Hamlin, Alan (2009)
      `Bygones are bygones' might seem to be an analytic truth, lacking any substantive content. Yet, economists think that, when they state that bygones are bygones, they are asserting something interesting and important. ...
    • Cognitive Limits and the Beginning of Life 

      Huster, Stefan (2009)
      The question which moral status the embryo has is of great practical significance because the possibility to justify a governmental prohibition of a set of important therapeutical and scientific measures depends on a special ...
    • The ‘Justice’ That Overrules the Rules of Justice 

      de Jasay, Anthony (2009)
      Justice is intrinsically distributive; it distributes by its rules. `Distributive' or `social' justice redistributes by overruling them. It has theories that do not start `from here'. It has no rules; it makes claims ...
    • Dignity, Human Rights, and Democracy 

      Garzón Valdés, Ernesto (2009)
      In order to analyze what can plausibly be said about the relationship between dignity, human rights, and democracy, I will propose a basic assumption about human dignity (I) and then formulate five theses concerning the ...
    • ,Aus ökonomischer Sicht ...‘ 

      Lübbe, Weyma (2009)
      Economists, and notably health economists, very often add to their policy recommendations the formula ,from an economic point of view‘. The contribution starts by exploring what the message of this clause to non-economists ...
    • How to Safeguard Subsidiarity and Competition in the European Union 

      Bernholz, Peter (2009)
      The assignment of rights to as low political levels as possible recommends itself because preferences of citizens are better known at the communal, provincial or state level, because their influence is greater, political ...
    • Niccolò Machiavelli on Power 

      Holler, Manfred J. (2009)
      This paper uses the concept of power to analyze Machiavelli's The Prince and the Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius. This helps to distil the elements that form the Machiavelli program that has its short-term ...
    • Why Bayesian Rationality Is Empty, Perfect Rationality Doesn’t Exist, Ecological Rationality Is Too Simple, and Critical Rationality Does the Job 

      Albert, Max (2009)
      Economists claim that principles of rationality are normative principles. Nevertheless, they go on to explain why it is in a person's own interest to be rational. If this were true, being rational itself would be a means ...
    • Introduction: The Moral Science Project 

      Baurmann, Michael; Lahno, Bernd (2009)