Now showing items 1-20 of 34

    • Dismissals: A Case for Business Ethics! 

      Hahn, Susanne (2009)
      A scenario of dismissal is used to illustrate a business ethical reflection that is guided by the method of reflective equilibrium. Several rules of dismissal are considered with respect to an already proved practice and ...
    • ,Aus ökonomischer Sicht ...‘ 

      Lübbe, Weyma (2009)
      Economists, and notably health economists, very often add to their policy recommendations the formula ,from an economic point of view‘. The contribution starts by exploring what the message of this clause to non-economists ...
    • Cognitive Limits and the Beginning of Life 

      Huster, Stefan (2009)
      The question which moral status the embryo has is of great practical significance because the possibility to justify a governmental prohibition of a set of important therapeutical and scientific measures depends on a special ...
    • Rationing Health Care and the Role of the ‘Acute Principle’ 

      Rivera-López, Eduardo (2009)
      In several works, Hartmut Kliemt has developed an original account on the necessity of rationing health care and on how a rationing policy should be carried out. While I agree on several important points of that view, there ...
    • The ‘Rule of Rescue’ in Medical Priority Setting: Ethical Plausibilities and Implausibilities 

      Schöne-Seifert, Bettina (2009)
      Not infrequently, the so-called Rule of Rescue gets invoked as an allegedly self-evident constraint to the CBE-goal of maximizing health benefit with a given health budget. In this paper this constraint is critically ...
    • Rationing in Medicine: A Presupposition for Humanity and Justice 

      Gubernatis, Gundolf (2009)
      Limited resources are the permanent condition in health care. Rationing, according to H. Kliemt, is the distribution of limited resources below market prices to all people in need for these resources. Therefore, rationing ...
    • Health Care Rationing and Distributive Justice 

      Breyer, Friedrich (2009)
      The rapid progress in medical technology makes it unavoidable to ration health care. In the discussion how to ration many people claim that principles of justice in distributing scarce resources should be applied. In this ...
    • Critical Thinking and Legal Culture 

      Pincione, Guido (2009)
      We often lack clear procedures for assessing statements and arguments advanced in everyday conversations, political campaigns, advertisements, and the other multifarious uses to which ordinary language can be put. Critical ...
    • Value Pluralism and the Two Concepts of Rights 

      Spector, Horacio (2009)
      Philosophers and legal theorists still disagree about the correct analysis of `rights', both moral and legal. The `Will Theory' and the `Interest Theory'--the two main views--can each account for various features of rights, ...
    • Niccolò Machiavelli on Power 

      Holler, Manfred J. (2009)
      This paper uses the concept of power to analyze Machiavelli's The Prince and the Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius. This helps to distil the elements that form the Machiavelli program that has its short-term ...
    • How to Safeguard Subsidiarity and Competition in the European Union 

      Bernholz, Peter (2009)
      The assignment of rights to as low political levels as possible recommends itself because preferences of citizens are better known at the communal, provincial or state level, because their influence is greater, political ...
    • On the Legitimacy of Political Communities 

      Koller, Peter (2009)
      The paper consists of two parts. The first part deals with the normative legitimacy of political communities, such as states and confederations, in general, i.e. their acceptability in light of reasonable standards of ...
    • Demokratie, Bürgersouveränität und Subsidiarität 

      Vanberg, Viktor J. (2009)
      The paper addresses the issue of how the notion of common or public weal can be specified for a democratic polity as a ,,cooperative venture for mutual advantage" (Rawls). It is argued that common weal in democratic politics ...
    • Vom Wunder der Freiheit: Die subversive Rolle der Person in der modernen Verfassungsgeschichte 

      Becker, Werner (2009)
      In the course of the history of democratic voting rights a remarkable development has taken place: collective privileges to vote were completely replaced by a personalisation of voting rights. Today, it is perceived as ...
    • Individual Interest and Political Legitimacy 

      Dietrich, Frank (2009)
      Criticism of contract theory has always played an important role in Hartmut Kliemt's writings on political philosophy. Notwithstanding his objections to a consent-based justification of the state he has never subscribed ...
    • The ‘Justice’ That Overrules the Rules of Justice 

      de Jasay, Anthony (2009)
      Justice is intrinsically distributive; it distributes by its rules. `Distributive' or `social' justice redistributes by overruling them. It has theories that do not start `from here'. It has no rules; it makes claims ...
    • Dignity, Human Rights, and Democracy 

      Garzón Valdés, Ernesto (2009)
      In order to analyze what can plausibly be said about the relationship between dignity, human rights, and democracy, I will propose a basic assumption about human dignity (I) and then formulate five theses concerning the ...
    • (Over-)Stylizing Experimental Findings and Theorizing with Sweeping Generality 

      Güth, Werner; Kliemt, Hartmut; Levati, M. Vittoria (2009)
      Human decision making is a process guided by different and partly competing motivations that can each dominate behavior and lead to different effects depending on strength and circumstances. `Over-stylizing' neglects such ...
    • A Stochastic Model of the Co-evolution of Networks and Strategies 

      Berninghaus, Siegfried K.; Vogt, Bodo (2009)
      We consider a theoretical model of co-evolution of networks and strategies whose components are exclusively supported by experimental observations. We can show that a particular kind of sophisticated behavior (anticipatory ...
    • Commitments by Hostage Posting 

      Raub, Werner (2009)
      We survey research on incurring commitments by voluntary hostage posting as a mechanism of cooperation. The Trust Game is employed as a paradigmatic example of cooperation problems. We sketch a very simple game-theoretic ...