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dc.contributor.authorPan, Hailin
dc.contributor.authorCole, Theresa L
dc.contributor.authorBi, Xupeng
dc.contributor.authorFang, Miaoquan
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Chengran
dc.contributor.authorYang, Zhengtao
dc.contributor.authorKsepka, Daniel T
dc.contributor.authorHart, Tom
dc.contributor.authorBouzat, Juan L
dc.contributor.authorArgilla, Lisa S
dc.contributor.authorBertelsen, Mads F
dc.contributor.authorBoersma, P Dee
dc.contributor.authorBost, Charles-André
dc.contributor.authorCherel, Yves
dc.contributor.authorDann, Peter
dc.contributor.authorFiddaman, Steven R
dc.contributor.authorHoward, Pauline
dc.contributor.authorLabuschagne, Kim
dc.contributor.authorMattern, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Gary
dc.contributor.authorParker, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Richard A
dc.contributor.authorQuillfeldt, Petra
dc.contributor.authorRyan, Peter G
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Helen
dc.contributor.authorThompson, David R
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Melanie J
dc.contributor.authorEllegaard, Martin R
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, M Thomas P
dc.contributor.authorSinding, Mikkel-Holger S
dc.contributor.authorPacheco, George
dc.contributor.authorShepherd, Lara D
dc.contributor.authorTennyson, Alan J D
dc.contributor.authorGrosser, Stefanie
dc.contributor.authorKay, Emily
dc.contributor.authorNupen, Lisa J
dc.contributor.authorEllenberg, Ursula
dc.contributor.authorHouston, David M
dc.contributor.authorReeve, Andrew Hart
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Kathryn
dc.contributor.authorMasello, Juan F
dc.contributor.authorStracke, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorMcKinlay, Bruce
dc.contributor.authorBorboroglu, Pablo García
dc.contributor.authorZhang, De-Xing
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Guojie
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-04T10:50:37Z
dc.date.available2021-08-04T10:50:37Z
dc.date.issued2019-09-01
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1093/gigascience/giz117
dc.identifier.urihttps://jlupub.ub.uni-giessen.de//handle/jlupub/165
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.22029/jlupub-110
dc.description.abstractBackground: Penguins (Sphenisciformes) are a remarkable order of flightless wing-propelled diving seabirds distributed widely across the southern hemisphere. They share a volant common ancestor with Procellariiformes close to the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary (66 million years ago) and subsequently lost the ability to fly but enhanced their diving capabilities. With ∼20 species among 6 genera, penguins range from the tropical Galápagos Islands to the oceanic temperate forests of New Zealand, the rocky coastlines of the sub-Antarctic islands, and the sea ice around Antarctica. To inhabit such diverse and extreme environments, penguins evolved many physiological and morphological adaptations. However, they are also highly sensitive to climate change. Therefore, penguins provide an exciting target system for understanding the evolutionary processes of speciation, adaptation, and demography. Genomic data are an emerging resource for addressing questions about such processes. Results: Here we present a novel dataset of 19 high-coverage genomes that, together with 2 previously published genomes, encompass all extant penguin species. We also present a well-supported phylogeny to clarify the relationships among penguins. In contrast to recent studies, our results demonstrate that the genus Aptenodytes is basal and sister to all other extant penguin genera, providing intriguing new insights into the adaptation of penguins to Antarctica. As such, our dataset provides a novel resource for understanding the evolutionary history of penguins as a clade, as well as the fine-scale relationships of individual penguin lineages. Against this background, we introduce a major consortium of international scientists dedicated to studying these genomes. Moreover, we highlight emerging issues regarding ensuring legal and respectful indigenous consultation, particularly for genomic data originating from New Zealand Taonga species. Conclusions: We believe that our dataset and project will be important for understanding evolution, increasing cultural heritage and guiding the conservation of this iconic southern hemisphere species assemblage.de_DE
dc.language.isoende_DE
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectAntarcticade_DE
dc.subjectSphenisciformesde_DE
dc.subjectbiogeographyde_DE
dc.subjectclimate changede_DE
dc.subjectcomparative evolutionde_DE
dc.subjectdemographyde_DE
dc.subjectevolutionde_DE
dc.subjectgenomicsde_DE
dc.subjectphylogeneticsde_DE
dc.subjectspeciationde_DE
dc.subject.ddcddc:570de_DE
dc.titleHigh-coverage genomes to elucidate the evolution of penguinsde_DE
dc.typearticlede_DE
local.affiliationBiologiede_DE
local.source.journaltitleGigaSciencede_DE
local.source.volume8de_DE
local.source.number9de_DE
local.source.articlenumbergiz117de_DE


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