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dc.contributor.authorLibrán-Embid, Felipe
dc.contributor.authorOlagoke, Adewole
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Emily A.
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-06T10:48:20Z
dc.date.available2024-02-06T10:48:20Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.urihttps://jlupub.ub.uni-giessen.de//handle/jlupub/18926
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.22029/jlupub-18287
dc.description.abstractAchieving food security remains a pressing challenge for small-scale farmers, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Ongoing climate change, invasive noxious weeds, and crop pests further exacerbate the situation. Optimizing traditional cropping systems for sustainable yields and climate-resilient production is imperative in order to address this challenge. The pre-Columbian milpa system of intercropping maize with companion crops such as beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) and squash (Cucurbita spp.) is one effective system that has been shown to produce outstanding yields per unit area compared to monoculture systems. The Push-Pull Technology developed in East Africa, based on the use of repellent and trap companion plants intercropped with maize (and to a lesser extent sorghum), is seen to be similarly effective in minimizing the impact of major pests on yields, including striga weed (Striga spp.), maize stemborers, and the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda). Although both systems have the potential to compensate for each other’s limitations, there has been no cross-system learning between the Mesoamerican milpa and the East African Push-Pull Technology. Here, we review both systems and present the advantages likely to be obtained by combining these technologies in small-scale farming. The proposed milpa push-pull system could adapt to different gradients of altitude, rainfall, and soil nutrient levels, in addition to controlling pests, and therefore has the potential to become a fundamental cropping technique in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa.
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropäische Kommission; ROR-ID:00k4n6c32
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsNamensnennung 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.ddcddc:570
dc.titleCombining Milpa and Push-Pull Technology for sustainable food production in smallholder agriculture. A review
dc.typearticle
local.affiliationFB 08 - Biologie und Chemie
local.projectEuropean Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, under Grant Agreement no. 861998 (UPSCALE: Upscaling the benefits of push-pull technology for sustainable agricultural intensification of East Africa)
local.source.journaltitleAgronomy for sustainable development
local.source.volume43
local.source.articlenumber45
local.source.urihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-023-00896-7


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