GWAS reveals genomic associations with swine inflammation and necrosis syndrome
The recently identified swine inflammation and necrosis syndrome (SINS) occurs in high prevalence from newborn piglets to fattening pigs and resembles an important concern for animal welfare. The primary endogenous syndrome affects the tail, ears, teats, coronary bands, claws and heels. The basis of clinical inflammation and necrosis has been ... substantiated by histopathology, metabolomic and liver transcriptomic. Considerable variation in SINS scores is evident in offspring of different boars under the same husbandry conditions. The high complexity of metabolic alterations and the influence of the boar led to the hypothesis of a polygenic architecture of SINS. This should be investigated by a genome-wide association study. For this purpose, 27 sows were simultaneously inseminated with mixed semen from two extreme boars. The mixed semen always contained ejaculate from a Pietrain boar classified as extremely SINS susceptible and additionally either the ejaculate from a Pietrain boar classified as SINS stable or from a Duroc boar classified as SINS stable. The 234 piglets were phenotyped on day 3 of life, sampled and genetically assigned to the respective boar. The piglets showed the expected genetic differentiation with respect to SINS susceptibility. The suspected genetic complexity was confirmed both in the number and genome-wide distribution of 221 significantly associated SNPs, and led to 49 candidate genes. As the SNPs were almost exclusively located in noncoding regions, functional nucleotides have not yet been identified. The results suggest that the susceptibility of piglets to SINS depends not only on environmental conditions but also on genomic variation.
Original publication in
Mammalian genome 34 (2023), 586-601