Should I stay or should I fly? Migration phenology, individual-based migration decision and seasonal changes in foraging behaviour of Common Woodpigeons

dc.contributor.authorSchumm, Yvonne R.
dc.contributor.authorMasello, Juan F.
dc.contributor.authorCohou, Valerie
dc.contributor.authorMourguiart, Philippe
dc.contributor.authorMetzger, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorRösner, Sascha
dc.contributor.authorQuillfeldt, Petra
dc.description.abstractMigration is used by many species as a strategy to deal with a seasonally changing environment. For some species, migration patterns can vary across different or even within the same breeding area. The Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus, an abundant and widespread Palearctic species, exhibits three migratory strategies (strictly migratory, partially migratory and resident) across its European breeding grounds. Based on ring recoveries and satellite tracking data, we investigated the migration and foraging behaviour of Woodpigeons breeding in Southwestern Europe (Portugal) and Central Europe (Germany). We found that individuals could be classified as residents (Portugal) or partial migrants (Germany), with migrating individuals following the European sector of the East Atlantic flyway, and mainly wintering in France. In addition to general data on migration phenology, we provide evidence for different migration strategies (migration of varying distances or resident behaviour), low wintering site fidelity and the use of multiple wintering sites. Furthermore, tracking data provided information on migratory behaviour in consecutive years, clearly showing that individuals may switch migratory strategies (resident vs. migrant) between years, i.e. are facultative partial migrants. While individuals from Portugal mainly stayed within a large park (‘green urban area’) year-round, Woodpigeons from the city of Giessen (Germany) regularly left the urban area to forage on surrounding farmland (with an average distance covered of 5.7 km), particularly from July to September. Overall, our results highlight the behavioural plasticity in Woodpigeons in terms of foraging and migration strategies within and amongst individuals as well as populations.
dc.rightsNamensnennung 4.0 International
dc.subjectColumba palumbus
dc.subjectNon-breeding partial migration
dc.subjectRinging data
dc.subjectSatellite tracking
dc.subjectWintering sites
dc.titleShould I stay or should I fly? Migration phenology, individual-based migration decision and seasonal changes in foraging behaviour of Common Woodpigeons
local.affiliationFB 08 - Biologie und Chemie
local.source.journaltitleThe Science of nature


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